Adverbs are words or expressions that modify a verb, adjective, another adverb, determiner, clause, preposition, or phrase to communicate things like manner, place, time, frequency, degree, level of certainty, and so on. How? in what way? when? where? and to what extent? are all questions that adverbs answer. The adverbial function is the name given to this specific function of adverbs. Single adverbs, multi-word adverbial phrases, and adverbial clauses can all execute adverbial functions.
Modern linguists point out that the term “adverb” has come to be employed as a kind of “catch-all” category, used to identify words with diverse types of syntactic activity and thus, they don’t necessarily have much in common other than the fact that they don’t fit into any of the other categories.
Adverbs come in a number of different forms. The majority of the time, adverbs are distinguished by the type of information they convey.
The six most common types of adverbs are as follows:
Read: Parts of Speech
In sentences, conjunctive adverbs perform an important grammatical role. A conjunctive adverb is an adverb that functions similarly to conjunction. A conjunctive adverb is a word that joins two clauses or sentences. We can also use a semicolon instead of a full stop when using conjunctive adverbs.
Adverbs of frequency
Adverbs of frequency are a group of adverbs that are used to characterise the frequency of an event. With the help of, constantly, frequently, occasionally, sometimes, generally, never, always, seldom, daily, weekly, monthly, yearly, etc., these Adverbs of frequency express how often something happens.
Adverbs of time
Time adverbs inform us when something occurs. Today, yesterday, tomorrow, tonight, soon, later, and other adverbs of time refer to specific moments and more generic time periods, such as today, yesterday, tomorrow, tonight, soon, later, and so on.
Adverbs of manner
Adverbs of manner describe how something happens, and this category includes a large variety of adverbs. Many adverbs ending in -ly, such as violently, warily, hungrily, pleasantly, slowly, neatly, exactly, unknowingly, loudly, and so on, belong to this category.
Adverbs of degree
Adverbs of degree, such as really, very, astonishingly, too, quite, barely, deeply, pretty, substantially, hardly, highly, intensely, somewhat, utterly, little, less, least, much, more, most, etc., are commonly employed as intensifiers to characterise adjectives and other adverbs.
Adverbs of place
With phrases like here, there, everywhere, nowhere, someplace, anyplace, in, out, inside, outside, wherever, on, off, over, under, away, left, right, north, etc., adverbs of location inform us where something happens.
Read: Figure of Speech
Adverb Meaning in Hindi (Adverb ki Definition)
क्रियाविशेषण ऐसे शब्द या भाव हैं जो क्रिया, विशेषण, अन्य क्रिया विशेषण, निर्धारक, उपवाक्य, पूर्वसर्ग, या वाक्यांश को संशोधित करते हैं ताकि तरीके, स्थान, समय, आवृत्ति, डिग्री, निश्चितता का स्तर, और इसी तरह की चीजों को संप्रेषित किया जा सके। कैसे? किस तरह से? कब? कहाँ पे? और किस हद तक? वे सभी प्रश्न हैं जिनका क्रिया विशेषण उत्तर देता है। क्रिया विशेषण क्रिया क्रिया विशेषण के इस विशिष्ट कार्य को दिया गया नाम है। एकल क्रियाविशेषण, बहु-शब्द क्रियाविशेषण वाक्यांश, और क्रिया विशेषण खंड सभी क्रिया विशेषण कार्य निष्पादित कर सकते हैं।
आधुनिक भाषाविदों का कहना है कि शब्द “क्रिया विशेषण” को एक प्रकार की “कैच-ऑल” श्रेणी के रूप में नियोजित किया गया है, जिसका उपयोग विभिन्न प्रकार की वाक्यात्मक गतिविधि वाले शब्दों की पहचान करने के लिए किया जाता है और इस प्रकार, उनके अलावा अन्य में जरूरी नहीं है। तथ्य यह है कि वे किसी भी अन्य श्रेणी में फिट नहीं होते हैं।
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FAQs on Adverb Definition and Examples
What exactly are adverbs?
An adverb is a term that alters the meaning of a verb, adjective, or another adverb by describing how, when, where, how often, or why something happens.
What is the distinction between a verb and an adverb?
The major distinction between verbs and adverbs is that verbs are action words that state the action performed by a noun, whereas adverbs are descriptive words that provide more detail about how that action is conducted.
What is the distinction between an adjective and an adverb?
An adjective is a word that describes the type, number, or nature of a noun or pronoun, whereas an adverb is a word that modifies another adverb, a verb, or an adjective.
What is the definition of an adjective?
Adjectives are words that define the properties or states of being of a noun or pronoun, as well as its type, number, or nature.
What is the adverb for the word “easy”?
The adverbs of easy include effortlessly, smoothly, comfortably, simply, readily, painlessly, conveniently, deftly, efficiently, facilely, fluently, freely, handily, skilfully, straightforwardly, calmly, competently, coolly, dexterously, lightly, nimbly, steadily, well, evenly, quickly, smartly, swimmingly, uncomplicatedly, with ease, etc.